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The ARTICLES in English: Definite, Indefinite, Partitive, Zero, Negative, Demonstrative, Interrogative, Personal + QUIZ

The ARTICLES in English

The most common word in English is the article “the.” As in many languages, articles in English are very common and often essential to communicate with clarity. Articles are either definite or indefinite in the sense that they give you information about the nouns in a sentence and allow you to know with greater clarity and comprehension which person, place or thing is being talked about.

Below are the various types of articles you should acquaint yourself with if you want to perfect your English.

Definite Article in English

The definite article in English is “the“.

Use the definite article before a noun when you want to talk about that specific and particular place, person or thing.

For example:

  • The gym: I am going to the gym.
  • The man: The man sitting in front of me is filming me on his I-phone.
  • The book: The book is very interesting.

 II. You should also use the definite article in the following circumstances:

To refer to a place such as a mountain range, an ocean, a country with multiple states, principalities or islands, Cinema, Seas,  and certain organizations. In some instances, the “the” indicates that there is only one of that place, person or thing.

For example:

  • The Andes Mountains
  • The Maldives
  • The Caribbean
  • The Caribbean Sea
  • The North Sea
  • The West Indies
  • The principality of Monaco
  • The United Kingdom
  • The United States
  • The Atlantic Ocean
  • The Pacific Ocean
  • The Suez Canal
  • The Seine
  • The Thames
  • The French Alps
  • The United Nations
  • The World Bank
  • The North Atlantic Treaty Agreement
  • The Gem Cinemas
  • The White House
  • The president of the United State
  • The president of Mexico
  • The Netherlands
  • The Irish Republic
  • The South of France
  • The West
  • The sun
  • The moon
  • The sky
  • The environment
  • The Earth
  • The government of Tunisia
  • The Pentagon


Do you know the rules for using articles in English?

III. Do not use “the” in the following circumstances:

  • To refer to lakes such as Lake Michigan, Lake Ontario (but you would say the Great Lakes)
  • To refer to Streets, Avenues and Boulevards such as: Antebullum Street, Madison Boulevard and Jones Avenue (but you would say (the street, the avenue, the boulevard, the Champs Ellyseés)
  • To refer to Continents, States and Lakes  such as Africa, Michigan and Victoria
  • To refer to cities such as Paris, New York and Melbourne
  • To refer to countries such as Nigeria, France, and Brazil (unless the country is composed of several states, islands or is a principality of another.)
  • To refer to hills and mountains such as Everest and Kilamanjaro
  • To refer to roads, Streets, Squares and Parks such as Park Street, Union Square and Central Park
  • To refer to airports, theatres, shops, restaurants, cinemas, hotels and galleries.


Indefinite Article in English

The indefinite articles in English are “a” “an” “some” and “any”

(some and any are usually used with uncountable nouns. Any water, any money, some milk, some food. But they can also be used with countable nouns such as some friends, some grapes, some chocolates, some apples, any apples, any grapes, any books).

I. Use “a”  and “an” to refer to singular nouns that are not referring to a specific person, place or thing.

II. Note that “any” is usually used in a question or negative sentence.

For example:

  • A man: A man just walked out of Starbucks with a loaded gun.
  • A book: I would like to buy a book for a nine year old.
  • A gym: I have to join a gym otherwise I won’t be able to fit into my clothes.

II. Use some and any to refer to plural nouns. (Note that “any” is most often used with a negative or in the interrogative.)

  • Some food: I need to go to the supermarket to buy some food
  • any cheese: Is there any cheese left in the fridge?
  • any apples: Don’t we have any apples?

The Partitive Articles in English

The partitive articles are “some” “any” (you can also say “a lot of” or “a few”)

The partitive articles in English is used to parts of a whole. It refers to a quantity or part of a mass noun such as food, water, mud, air etc.

For example:

  • some tea: May I have some tea.
  • any bread: There isn’t any bread left in the bread bin.
  • some food: Have some food before you leave.
  • any air: There isn’t any air in this room.
  • any water: Do you have any water?
  • some mud: There is some mud over there. (you can drop “some” in this sentence – zero article)

 Zero Articles in English

I. Use zero article when you are generalizing people, places or things.


  • Asians are usually very good cooks.
  • Doctors are scary when they refuse to listen.
  • Mosques and Temples are holy places of worship so you should be respectful.
  • Mosquitoes are the devil’s children.

II. When you are talking about uncountable plural nouns and ideas.

For example:

  • I have () money in my cellar.
  • There is () water on the ground.
  • You have ()  mud on your boots
  • Do you have () cheese?

III. Abstract Nouns do not need an article.

For example:

  • Litigation: The case is proceeding to () litigation. (But, the litigation is proceeding)
  • Negotiation: () Negotiation is key to this transaction. (But, the negotiation was the key to the transaction)
  • Education: In Guam, () education is not as important as family connections.
  • Courage: () Courage and fortitude will see you though this ordeal.
  • Love: () Love is the answer.
  • Music: () Music lovers unanimously panned the album.
  • Peace: Without () peace there can be no justice.


III. You don’t need an article in front of the names of countries, lakes, streets, airports, metros, subways, universities, academic subjects, languages, churches, days of the week, sports, etc

For example:

  • () South Africa is truly spectacular.
  • The most beautiful lake in the world is () Lake Ontario.
  • () Bourbon Street is a major tourist attraction.
  • I like () football.
  • He worships at () St Peter’s Church.
  • My dream is to go to () Harvard University.
  • () History is a very boring subject.
  • I hate () Mondays!



Negative articles in English

The negative article in English is “no.”


  • No one can come into this room
  • No man is an island
  • No human has ever roamed these everglades
  • No city is prepared for such a disaster.
  • Under no circumstance will I allow that to happen in this organization.

The Demonstrative Article (pronoun or adjective) in English

The Demonstrative article in English is “this” “that” “these” and “those”


  • This situation is beyond the pale.
  • That situation was beyond the pale.
  • These emails are inappropriate in a business setting.
  • Those emails were inappropriate in a business setting.


Interrogative article (or pronoun) in English

The interrogative articles/pronouns in English are “which” “what” and “whose” “where” “when” and “how”.

These are called “determiners although in other languages such as french, they would be considered “articles.”

Interrogative articles interrogates the listener for information about a person, place or thing (nouns) and the answers to interrogative pronouns are somewhat “definite” and measurable. The key is in the noun that follows the adjective. (Note that other WH words such as “how” “where” and “when” are not considered as interrogative adjective because typically they are not followed by a noun.)

For example:

  • What color is your hair.
  • Which guy do you think is cutest?
  • Whose book is this?

(Not, how are you? When are you coming back? Where is the soda machine? (these are followed by linking verbs and not by a noun. Though they are interrogative pronouns, they are not really interrogative adjectives/articles.))

Possessive articles in English

The possessive articles/adjectives in English are “my,” “your,” “his,” “our,” “your,” and “their”


  • My dress is too tight because I have eaten too much.
  • Your hand is touching my derriere please remove it.
  • Our country is going through a crisis right now.
  • Their father is a billionaire.

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 Have you taken an English quiz lately to gauge how well your basic English is? No? Why not? You have to keep testing yourself! How else are you going to improve? Well, tell you what: I want to help you out so I created this little English quiz that is full of little basic grammar rules, for example:
  • Make vs do?
  • Say vs tell
  • the proper form to ask a question
  • ing vs infinitive
  • modal verbs
  • Did + main verb (question form)
  • Have (question form)
  • etc.

This little English quiz should not take more than 5 minutes to complete. Just click on the answer you think is right and hit next when you are done. At the end of the quiz, your score will appear at the top.

Good luck!



english text message abbreviations meaning

English Text Message Abbreviations: 20 Text Abbreviations Business People Can Use (Good for Emails too) With Meanings

A List of Text Message Abbreviations and their Meaning


But what about these new forms of communication? # English Text Message Abbreviations.   What do all these signs and symbols mean??

In many cases, your guess is as good as mine. And the worse part is, they keep coming up with new ones every day! So it is hard to keep up. But I have mined the Internet to get some clarity on a few abbreviations that I have seen in correspondences between business people. These English text message abbreviations would only be appropriate if you already know the recipient and you have a fairly informal business relationship.  I don’t think text message abbreviations should ever be used in a formal context or in a formal email. Nor should English text message abbreviations be used when you don’t know the recipient very well. As I said, these can also be used in emails.




  1. 4YEO = For your eyes only

This is used to tell the recipient that the message or document should not be read by anyone by him or her.  It is confidential

2. BTW = By the Way

This has no definitive meaning really. It is really idiomatic.  A way to give additional information. For example, you say “By the way, I sent you the powerpoint yesterday.”   This means that in addition to what I just said, you should know that I also sent you the powerpoint.

3. B/C = Because

Obviously, because is a subordinating conjunction in English used to connect two distinct clause. “I left because it was difficult to get paid afterwards.”  You can also say “I left because of the difficulty of getting paid afterwards.” This latter would be using because with a prepositional phrase. But it is still two distinct clauses.

4. ASAP = As soon as possible

ASAP is used to tell the recipient that time is of the essence.

5. F2F = Face to Face

This is used I imagine to ask for a face to face meeting or explain that something has or has to happen face to face.

6. CYT = See you tomorrow

This one is self explanatory.

7. FC = Fingers crossed

This means that you are hoping that a situation will work out for the best.

8. B2B = Business to Business

This means that products and services are from one business to the other and not to consumers which would be B2C

9. IMHO = In my humble opinion

This is another way of saying “according to me” but of course in English, you never say “according to me” instead you say “in my opinion” or “in my humble opinion.”

10. RSVP = Repondez vous s’il vous plait

This is used to ask the recipient to respond to an invitation with an acceptance or rejection.

11. TBC = To be continued

To be continued means that the matter is not finished, there is more to come.

12. WTF = What the fuck

This means, “what?!” but in a vulgar way. So it is better not to use it in a business context unless the recipient has already used it and you know it will be OK.

13. YAM = Yet another meeting

This means the writer is fed up with having to go to “yet another meeting.” And thinks the meetings are not even necessary or productive.

14. ICYMI = in case you missed it

This is a gossipy abbreviation that means “let me bring you up to speed on what has been going on while you were gone.”

15. TQ = Thank you

This is self explanatory. You can also say TY

16. TGIF = Thank god it’s Friday

This means the sender is really happy the weekend has arrived

17. FYI = For your information

This means here is some information you ought to have or to know.

18. TBA = to be announced

This means that there is pending information which will be sent out to all who are concerned once it is available.

19. HF = Have fun

This is self explanatory. It tells the recipient to “enjoy themselves and have a good time.”

20. EOD = End of discussion

This means “the end.”

# English text message abbreviations meaning

NEXT: How to Begin and End a Business Email in English

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 Speak Better: Fun ways to Improve your English

There are indeed many fun ways to improve your English and these are easy steps and strategies you can implement today. What could be more fun than celebrity gossip, for example? You may think that reading about Kim Kardashian is beneath your dignity but you would be surprised how much vocabulary you pick up from a news piece about the reality starlet that improves your fluency and helps you to sound more like a native English speaker.

Obviously, there are many other easy and fun ways to improve your English other than reading about Kim Kardashian. For example, do you like poetry? Do you like to use social media? Do you like American movies? All of these are ways that you can use and employ to help you to improve your English comprehension as well as your oral and written English skills.

Why is it important to find fun ways to improve your English? Because you will be encouraged to continue to study the language if you are having fun. It is quite that simple. There is no need to be bored out of your mind anymore. You can have fun with it, even if you are learning the language in a professional capacity.  Because professional people know about celebrities and professional people read poetry. And professional people do a lot of other things, like subscribe to social networks. All of these vehicles will help you improve your English skills.

But don’t take my word for it. Go through the slide show of easy and fun ways to improve your English and see if you find a method or strategy that could work for you. Then get to work and use it today!


NEXT: More tips on how to improve your English


How to Use the AUXILIARY Verbs “Be”, “Do”, “Have”: Your English Will Never be Good Till You Know How to Use These!

BE, DO, HAVE: These Verbs are used as Main verbs and Auxiliary Verbs in English

In English, the verbs Be Do and Have can function as both MAIN VERBS and AUXILIARY VERBS. The problem for learners of English is that it is not always clear when to employ these verbs and in what context.


The verb “to be” helps to form the foundation of the English language. There almost is no English without the verb “to be.”  If you are not intimately familiar with how to use the verb “to be,” you can never claim to be fluent in English.

As a Main Verb

You can use Be as a main verb to express a state of being. For example: “I AM HAPPY.”

In this sentence, Be is the main verb. In this case it is the first person form of Be which is AM. Do you remember  how to conjugate BE? Below are 3 tenses of the verb “to be.” There at least 10 other tenses but that would be for another post:


I am                                   I was                                     I will

You are                            you were                            you will

He/she/it is                     he/she/it was                he/she/it will

We are                              We were                             We Will

They are                            They were                      They will


Note that to use BE as a main verb, it has to be either in the simple present tense or the simple past tense. For example: I AM HAPPY  becomes  I WAS HAPPY.  If you use the future tense I WILL BE HAPPY technically “will” is a modal verb which is an auxiliary or helping verb so in the future tense, it is difficult you cannot use BE as a main verb. It only seems to work in the present tense and the simple past tense. But consider, for example, this: YOU ARE TO ACT HAPPY NO MATTER WHAT. It  is still the main verb but with a modal (obligation) connotation – a kind of helper feel.

As an auxiliary verb

You can also use BE as an auxiliary and helping verb to show various verb tenses and moods such as: I AM SLEEPING. I WAS EATING. I WILL BE EATING IN A FEW MINUTES. Notice that as a helper or auxiliary verb, BE accompanies a main verb – in this case the verb is “to eat.”

Note that BE is followed by “ing” tenses when used as an auxiliary except if the PASSIVE TENSES are being used in which case you would use the past participle, example:  “The bird was eaten by the cat.” Or, “the baby is fed by it’s nanny.” Or, “The secretary is being yelled at by the client.


This verb is used both as a main verb and an auxiliary verb.

As a main verb


As an auxiliary verb

DO is used in several different ways.

  1. To show emphasis: I do believe you. I did believe you.
  2. To express a negative action: I do not know what you mean.
  3. To ask a question: Do you have a pen?

Notice that when used as  auxiliary verbs, DO IS FOLLOWED BY THE PRESENT or infinitive form of the verb (as opposed to “have” which is followed by the past participle)


As a main verb HAVE is used to express possession : I HAVE THREE SISTERS. THEY HAVE MONEY. AMERICA HAS A FUNNY PRESIDENT.

As an auxiliary verb you need have to:

  1. Ask a question in the perfect tense, example: “have you got any money?”
  2. To express a negative: “You have not done your homework”

More on English verbs you must know


learn english by watching movies

How to Learn English by Watching Movies

Did You Know that you can improve Your English Fluency by Watching Movies in English?


A lot of people learn English by watching movies. Indeed, one of the easiest and most fun ways to learn English is to watch movies or even TV series in English.

For one thing, you get to hear English spoken in its most natural way and this will go a long way to helping you improve your English. Watching movies also gives you a bird’s eye view into the culture of that particular place whether it is a city, country, neighborhood or home/family. This context can also help you improve your own English skills faster.


  1. Make sure the movie is one you are interested in
  2. Choose movies that are G rated rather than “R” rated at first
  3. Do not use the subtitle function all the time. You could probably use it the first time you watch a particular film but after that you need to turn it off
  4. Watch at least two movies per week, maybe more
  5. Select movies with different English accents (American, Indian, Australian, British, Caribbean, etc)
  6. Don’t feel you have to watch “classic” you need to enjoy the movie so choose movies with actors that you already like.
  7. Have a book so you can copy vocabulary words you don’t know and go over your list regularly.
  8. Pause the film often or slow down the movie so you can re-listen if you were not clear on something.
  9. Consider watching the movie with other people so you can have a discussion in English about the film after.
  10. Focus on listening rather than reading subtitles

The English spoken in movies is not always perfect, though. There could be a lot of slang, indecent words and bad grammar so you need to be mindful and you need to choose your movies with care. Though, learning slang and indecent words are also important aspects of learning to speak the language in the most natural way.


Here are a few movies you can watch if you want to learn English by watching movies:

  1. The Sound of Music
  2. Forrest Gump
  3. A Few Good Men
  4. Endless Love
  5. Harry Potter
  6. Star Wars
  7. The Hunger Games
  8. Shakespeare in Love
  9. Maid in Manhattan
  10. The Talented Mr Ripley

NEXT UP: 10 Ways to Learn English Fast

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end a business email in English

Ways to Start and End a Business Email in English


How you start and end an email in English will depend on the level of familiarity you have with the person you are writing to and whether this is a formal or informal email you are writing.  Indeed, the way you begin or end a business email in English should take into account your working relationship with this person. Have you worked together before? Have you already established rapport? Would you even say you are “colleagues” even if you have only communicated digitally? Or is this a situation where you have never met this person but are trying to build up a business relationship? Further, is this a perfect stranger you are writing to and don’t even know their name?

Each of these scenarios will influence how you begin and end a business email in English. Below, find 3 scenarios. The first is how to start a business email when you know the person. The second is when you don’t know the person but you do know their name and finally, the last one is when you have no idea what the person’s name is.

How to start and end a business email in English

I. Start a business Email when you know the person (for example a contact in another country named Timothy with whom you have been corresponding or working but you are not necessarily buddies) in any of the following ways:

  • Dear Timothy,
  • Good Morning Timothy,
  • Timothy,
  • Hi Timothy
  • Good day Timothy
  • Hello Timothy

End a business Email when you know the person (for example a contact in another country named Timothy with whom you have been corresponding or working but you are not necessarily buddies) in any of the following ways:

  • Best regards
  • Best wishes
  • Regards
  • Best
  • Kind regards
  • Take care



II. Start a business Email when you don’t know the person but you do know the person’s name – which happens to be Mary Smith – in any of the following ways:

  • Dear Ms Smith,
  • Mrs Smith,
  • Dear Ms M. Smith

End a business Email when you don’t know the person but you do know the person’s name in any of the following ways:

  • Sincerely
  • Very truly yours (especially good for lawyers)
  • Yours faithfully
  • Sincerely yours
  • With kind regards

III. Start a business  email when you don’t know the person and you don’t know the person’s name in any of the following ways:

  • Dear Sir/Madame
  • To Whom it may concern,
  • Madame,
  • Messieurs,
  • Gentlemen,
  • Dear All

End a business email when you don’t know the person and you don’t know the person’s name in any of the following ways:

  • Kind regards
  • Sincerely
  • Yours sincerely
  • Yours faithfully

Click link for the ABCs of Writing Business Emails in English

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There are probably thousands of English idioms for business presentations out there.  In this post, I select 17 for you to memorize and use in your business presentations, negotiations and even correspondences.

Without further ado, my list of idioms for business presentations:
  1. It’s in the bag: This is one of the nicest idiom for business negotiations but you can also use it in a presentation depending on what you are presenting on. It means that something is a “done deal”, it is guaranteed to happen. For example, let’s say your company has been negotiating with a new vender and your boss asks you how are negotiations going and whether you think the two parties will be able to make a deal? You can say “it’s in the bag.”
  2. They are on the fence: If you say that someone is on the fence it means that they are non-committal and are not clearly on one side or the other of an issue or negotiation. They are neither hot nor cold nor “yes” or “no” but sort of in the middle and “hedging their bets.”
  3. Strike two birds with one stone: This means that you can get achieve more more than one outcome and have a double impact from just the one action.
  4. Pass the buck: This means to shift blame to someone else and not take responsibility for an action.
  5. Pull the plug: To pull the plug means to end something like a negotiation because it is basically a hopeless cause. It is not unlike taking someone off a respirator and allowing them to die.
  6. Back to the drawing board: This means you have to start all over again to do something – including to start negotiations over again. You begin again at “square one.”
  7. It’s a long shot: This means that something is unlikely to happen or improbable. It is like taking a 3 point shot in a basketball game. It is long, but often times, it does work out.
  8. Down the drain: This means that there is failure or waste that results in a lot of effort coming to nothing. Imagine it being flushed down the toilet, for example.
  9. Across the board: This means that something includes everything and everyone. So for example, the management of the company fired all the supervisors across the board. It means everybody was put to the door.
  10. Ballpark amount: This means that a stated amount is an approximation that is near to the actual amount but not the exact amount requested. So far example, “ballpark $20,000” means close to $20,000 but not exactly $20,000. It could be a little bit more or a little bit less.
  11. Biggest Bang for the buck: This means the most benefit that can be received from an action, in comparison to your investment. So for example, if you say “which hotel gives you the biggest bang for the buck in your city” what you mean is which hotel gives you the most benefits for the least amount of money 
  12. Make a go of it: This means to give something a try.
  13. Strike while the iron is hot: This means to act while the other person is interested and showing a desire to make a deal.
  14. Sell like hot cakes: Something that sells like hot cakes is something that has a very high sales rate, a high demand.
  15. Long haul: If you are in something for the long haul it means you are there no matter what happens. In other words, you are committed and plan to stick it out no matter what.
  16. Set the record straight: This means to clear things up and let your side of the story or issue be known.
  17. Burn your bridges: This means to exit in a way that you cannot go back to a situation such as a relationship, negotiation or job.

As noted; there are many other idioms for business presentations  well as business negotiations. These are just a selected few. For more on idioms for business presentations click the link.

# idioms for business presentations




be confident when you speak in English

Be More Confident When You Speak in English


So you want to know how to be more confident when you  speak in English. The first step is to stop apologizing for your English. Don’t keep saying “my level of English is not so great” to your audience because they will see that as insecurity.

Even when your English level is “below fluency”, still, just imagine that you are very charming as you are speaking and that your audience is captivated by you and this thought alone will go a long way to helping you be more confident when you speak in English.

The second and very important thing you have to keep in mind is that you should speak at a reasonable speed. Do not try to speak fast to show how great your level is. Instead, focusing on pronouncing all your words and on clarity rather than perfection. It is better to speak slower and be clearer than to speak faster and be unclear. Why with the first approach your audience is more likely to understand what you are saying and they will remain attentive and this will give you confidence. But in the latter, they will not understand you and they will lose interest in what you are saying. So speak at the right speed and tempo.

Good preparation will go a long way to help you feel more confident. So even when your level of English is not so high, if you take the time to prepare properly and to anticipate your audience’s questions, you will seem more like the expert and the audience will give off the vibes that they are learning from you and that will make you feel more confident.

If you want to be more confident when you speak in English, you should also  avoid looking like you don’t know where you are in your presentation. Avoid having too many props and paper and slides. This can get overwhelming when you are nervous and this can kill your confidence.

Continue reading about how to be confident when you speak in English

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welcoming a visitor in English

Welcoming a Visitor in English to Your Country: Small Talk for Business People & Professionals


Do you have to meet a visitor soon and are wondering what are the rules for welcoming a visitor in English? Often times, you may be called upon to pick up someone at the airport and transport them to their hotel.  The drive from the car to the hotel could be a very short one as well as it could be relatively long. So you need to keep a conversation going. But often times, you will be meeting this person at your office, your home or even in the bar at their hotel.

If you are concerned about sounding like a “native” speaker with your English speaking guest, just get that out of your mind right now. You don’t have to sound like a native but you can sound more “natural” with a few key phrases and questions.


The Flight:  When welcoming a visitor in English to your country here are some questions you can ask about their flight:

  1. How was your flight?
  2. Was it a smooth flight?
  3. Did you have a good flight?
  4. Was the flight okay?
  5. How was your trip?
  6. Did you have any delays or was your flight on time?
  7. How long was your flight?
  8. Was your flight direct? Or did you have to transfer?
  9. Did you find your way here alright?
  10. Are you feeling jet lagged?
  11. How long are you staying?
  12. Did you have any trouble finding your luggage?
  13. Have you flown this airline before?
  14. Would you fly this airline again?

About general matters:

  1. Which hotel are you staying in?
  2. How long will you be staying?
  3. Can I offer you a drink?
  4. Would you like something to drink?
  5. Have you had anything to eat?
  6. Would you like to grab a bite to eat?
  7. Can I offer you a cup of tea?
  8. Any plans for sight-seeing?
  9. What’s on the agenda for the weekend?

About themselves: When welcoming a visitor in English to your country, you obviously need to ask them about themselves:

  1. So which part of the United States are you from?
  2. Have you always lived in this state?
  3. How long have you been with the company?
  4. Is this your first time representing your company in this country?
  5. Which region are you from?
  6. Your accent is interesting; can you tell me where your accent comes from?
  7. Do you have kids?
  8. Where are you currently based?
  9. how long have you been working in this industry?
  10. Are you interested in sports?
  11. Do you drink? What would you like?
  12. What Can get you?
  13. What do you like to do in your free time?
  14. Is this your first time here?
  15. How long are you here for?
  16. What kind of food/cuisine do you prefer?

About the weather: When welcoming a visitor in English to your country the weather is always a safe conversational topic:

  1. How is the weather where you are coming from?
  2. Do you mind the cold?
  3. You don’t mind the bad weather do you?
  4. How are you coping in the heat?
  5. Isn’t this weather just wonderful?
  6. Isn’t this weather just awful?
  7. Do you mind if I open the window to let in the fresh air?
  8. Is it cold enough for you?
  9. Is your coat warm enough?
  10. Would you prefer that i turned down the heat?
  11. Is it too hot for you?
  12. Is it too cold for you?

Current events: When welcoming a visitor to your country, current events can be a good topic of conversation but you should exercise discretion depending on the situation as this set of questions could have some controversy for some people

  1. What is the latest news on this story?
  2. What is the political situation back in your country?
  3. What is your opinion on your current president?
  4. Do you think your president will win again in the next election?
  5. Did you vote for Obama?
  6. Why do you think your president took that position?
  7. What is the latest on the crisis?
  8. Do you know if anyone survive?
  9. Were there hostages?
  10. Was it a terrorist act?

NEXT: How to do Business with Americans 

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